Many new and established companies may be deciding between outsourcing payroll or keeping it in-house.
Surprisingly, this simple decision may heavily affect the company’s time and costs.
This short guide will cover the ins and outs of the complicated job of running payroll and the different methods and payroll services businesses use to compensate their employees.
What is Payroll Used for?
Simply put, payroll is the business process of paying employees for their work.
However, the term “payroll” may also refer to:
- The amount an employer must pay during each pay period.
- The records of employees that are on the payroll, including employee information that details how much they have made.
- The process of calculating and distributing taxes and wages.
- The department or software used to process paychecks.
Businesses must keep a record of all employees and accurately compensate employees for a set period or on a given date.
How to Process Payroll Step-By-Step?
The payroll process involves calculating wages, withholding deductions, filing payroll taxes, and creating payments. Although the correct way to calculate payroll will vary depending on the local laws and your business, the following steps explain the general process.
1. Collect Employee Information
Before you can even begin to run payroll, employers need to collect payroll information from their employees.
Every employee needs to fill out a Form W-4, as this form will provide employers with information such as federal income tax withholding, along with the name, address, and Social Security number (SSN) of each employee.
2. Collect Hours Worked
For employees paid on an hourly basis, employers need to keep track of their hours worked. This step aims to ensure that employees are paid for their work.
This is usually done through a time and attendance system, tracking apps, or a spreadsheet. There is no need to do this for salary employees, as they are paid a fixed amount every period.
Employers need to track the time employees take off for holidays, sick time, and vacation if an internal policy states how much time employees are allowed to take off.
3. Review & Approve Hours Worked
A wage is paid to an employee based on the hours worked.
Employers typically set a specific rate of pay for each hourly worker. To calculate the total wages earned within a particular pay period, you need to multiply the hours worked by the rate of pay.
Salaried employees are paid a fixed amount every pay period. Typically, salaried employees are given a yearly salary, divided by the number of pay periods in a year.
Another item to calculate is overtime work and its set rate, pay differentials for shifts worked, or hazardous duty pay. After these calculations are added up, the end amount is an employee’s gross pay. The next step is to calculate any deductions to determine the net pay.
4. Calculate Pay
The managers or supervisors of the workers review the hours submitted and approve or make amends to the time information.
5. Calculate Deductions
Deductions, such as payroll taxes and garnishments, are calculated depending on an employee’s gross pay. The payroll taxes include federal income tax, state income tax, local income tax, federal unemployment tax, state unemployment tax, Medicare tax, and Social Security tax.
After these calculations are completed, the end amount is the net pay an employee receives.
6. Create Payments: Net & Gross Pay
This step usually involves creating a pay record by entering the information into a computer system or sending it to a third-party payroll management system.
How to do Payroll as a Small Business?
Payroll is a multi-step process for any business.
All companies must follow the same lengthy steps to process payroll regardless of their size. There are several methods that companies can choose from with varying degrees of involvement and pricing.
1. Manual Payroll
Typically, payroll is handled by the accounting, financial, or human resources department.
However, small businesses have limited resources, so they choose to do payroll manually. As your business grows, payroll becomes more challenging to do yourself, it is time-consuming and could lead to costly mistakes.
Manual payroll is not the best long-term solution.
2. Outsourcing Payroll Services
Considering the payroll process is complicated; many organizations outsource it to a third party specializing in accounting to ensure they remain compliant with federal and state tax and labor laws.
One drawback of outsourcing is that individuals outside of the business have access to sensitive information. However, that issue is easily solvable with an NDA agreement, which mitigates the risk.
Employers must also keep in mind that outsourcing to an accountant or bookkeeping firm can be expensive.
3. Payroll Software
You may be wondering how to optimize and streamline your processes.
Turns out, payroll software is automated to calculate wages and taxes efficiently, on time, and inexpensively.
There are many benefits that both employees and employers can enjoy from having payroll service software. In many cases, payroll software is cheaper than outsourcing and may help you save time and money.
Moreover, you might even consider hiring an in-house payroll specialist that gives the company data protection freedom and additional resources for other payroll projects.
Is the Payroll System Important for Employees?
You may not realize it, but a reliable software system will provide many benefits to your employees.
Payroll software allows employees to better understand their pay and taxes and feel at ease knowing they will be paid consistently and on time each month. Employees can calculate upcoming paychecks, receive paystub reminders, and calculate payroll taxes.
Other functions for employees include:
- Receive notifications when 1099s and W-2s are digitally available (to view and download).
- Access the employee portal on all devices (e.g., desktop, mobile, or tablet).
- Update contact. information and address
- View and download paystubs.
- Set tax withholdings.
An unreliable business that pays its employees late or incorrectly calculates their pay will negatively affect their morale.
By using a precise and efficient system, employers ensure a positive and healthy working environment.
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What is the Use of a Payroll Management System?
Instead of manually entering long paystubs, HR administrators rely on payroll software to accurately calculate, stay up to date with current taxes, and free up valuable time.
One survey by Deloitte showed that 91% of businesses utilize only one payroll system, and the other 9% utilize two or more systems, with 74% of them further stating that they use cloud-based technology.
Payroll software not only saves HR administrators time, effort, and money, but also provides a safer and more secure way to store financial records and data.
Some essential payroll functions for HR administrators:
- Issue direct deposits to employees.
- Calculate gross-to-net payments.
- Make one-time payroll adjustments.
- Calculate paychecks.
- Automate accrual tracking with multiple policy set-ups.
- Automatically audit for errors before processing payroll.
- Process future weeks’ payroll before the current period closes.
- Designate different pay cycles for different workforce segments and locations.
- Store employee documents.
- Accommodate one-time deductions.
- Schedule deductions in the payroll calendar.
- Deduct garnishments based on the state and federal calculation rulings.
- Process payroll.
Best of all, you can now streamline this process, tailor it to your needs, and ensure your business adheres to all the tax and employment regulations.
Companies are switching from outdated spreadsheets and practices to accurate and compliant solutions.
What Are Some Advanced Features of Payroll Management Systems?
Advancements in technology have given businesses the option to use many sophisticated solutions. Most of the solutions available on the market are scalable, easy to implement, and cater to your requirements.
We have listed some features to consider when selecting a payroll system for your business.
Reporting and Analytics
Payroll audit support (to secure payroll compliance with employment laws, verify tax withholdings, spots human errors, and prevents payroll fraud)
Automatically update the federal, state, and local tax information when an employee's home/work address changes
Multiple report delivery options – paper, email, and 3rd party delivery
Multiple pay variables (split shifts, shift premiums, bonuses, double time, overtime, vacation, sick time, etc.)
Process W-2 and 1099 forms
Multiple pay variables combined into one payment per employee (e.g., employees can receive an annual bonus in the same paystub as a normally scheduled paycheck)
Accept electronic and on-demand submission of W-2s and automatically mail W-2s and 1099s to employees
Payroll register report
Combination of W-2 and 1099 wages from multiple income sources into one paystub per employee
Compliance with FLSA for bonuses, commissions, and other adjustments that impact payroll practices over multiple weeks
Payroll tax filing report
Gross-up calculations (i.e., money added to a payment to cover the income taxes the recipient will owe)
Prepare and e-file the required IRS 1094 and 1095 forms
Payroll tax deposit report - taxes deposited with tax agencies on the employer's behalf - reflecting variables such as filing date, dollar amounts, and payroll period.
Multiple pay cycle options available (weekly, bi-weekly, semi-monthly, monthly, etc.)
Issue ACA compliant W-2s that include aggregate health care costs
Individual paycheck history report
Time off reports
Payroll tax liabilities report
Workers' compensation report
401(k) contributions report
Accrual report (monthly accruals posted to accounting)
New hire reports
Detailed reports divided by types of costs/liabilities before processing payroll
System error and warning report, listing discrepancies for all employees for the pay period
Tracking and audit tools to monitor the full-time status of employees
Novelties in Payroll Management
Pandemic payroll adaptations – due to the pandemic, payroll management systems began providing support to HR professionals to help them better understand the new laws that were implemented into the existing payroll structure, as well as the impact they will have on payroll.
New legislative rules relating to payroll included: Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan, part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, Employee payroll tax deferral, new tax credits, and paid leave laws through the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA).
International payroll solution – The new era of global business expansion, flexible and remote working beyond borders, enhanced the need for international payroll solutions.
Companies are looking for flexibility in payroll systems that support international work locations and allow for hiring employees and paying contractors located in other countries.
Managing international payroll requires multilevel benchmarks in legal, tax, international banking, compliance, and local payroll practices.
The bottom line is, that regardless of your industry, a quality payroll solution can provide many benefits to your organization.
Whether you are a new business or a seasoned professional, understanding this aspect of your business is crucial for success.